soviet political commissar

In the Red Army and the Soviet Army, the political commissar Russian: комиссар, romanized: komissar existed, by name, only during the 1918–24, 1937–40, and 1941–42 periods; not every Red Army political officer was a commissar. This must be taken into account to understand why Stalin treated him critically and not invited him at all our conversations. Following the German invasion in June 1941, he was recalled and appointed to the State Defense Committee. [11] He praised the army's combined arms warfare capabilities as well as the high quality and ability to take initiative of the officers during the 1936 summer manoeuvers. In July 1941, consequent to the Red Army’s defeats at war’s start, the position of political commissar reappeared. The political commissar held military rank equaling that of the unit commander to whom he was attached; moreover, the commissar also had the military authority to countermand the unit … In practice, this meant maintaining discipline and disseminating propaganda so “that the party has a daily and undivided impact on [sailors] entire life and activity.” Soviet political commissar Yefim Fomin's (1909-1941) memorial relief on the left side of the Kholm Gate at the Brest Fortress in Brest, Belarus Ren Bishi (30 April 1904 – 27 October 1950) was a military and political leader in the early Chinese Communist Party. Chiang Ching-kuo, appointed as Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) director of Secret Police in 1950, was educated in the Soviet Union, and initiated Soviet style military organization in the Republic of China Military, reorganizing and Sovietizing the political officer corps, surveillance, and Kuomintang party activities were propagated throughout the military. [11], Between 1941–1944, during World War II, Voroshilov was a member of the State Defense Committee. Commissar (or sometimes Kommissar) is an English transliteration of the Russian комиссáр, which means commissary. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. They had no direct influence on combat decisions as had the political commissar in the Soviet Army. In the Soviet military, trained political officers were assigned down to the company level to inculcate Marxist-Leninist dogma, and they were also trained As Political Commissar serving co-equally with Stalin, Voroshilov was responsible for the morale of the 1st Cavalry Army, which was composed chiefly of peasants from southern Russia.[5][6]. His fortunes declined during the rise of Nikita Khrushchev and the Supreme Soviet removed him from power in 1960. In the event, after the October Revolution, the political commissar remained in the Red Army until 1942. Despite a French Republican origin, the political commissar usually is associated historically with the Soviet Union (1917–91), where the Russian Provisional Government of 1917 introduced them to the military forces to ensure the government’s political control. [11] The territorial units had been very unpopular, not only with Voroshilov, but with the Red Army leadership a whole. The actual Soviet Political Officer is a stock character in fictional portrayals of the Soviet-German War and Cold War era. Its official name was Guidelines for the Treatment of Political Commissars (Richtlinien für die Behandlung politischer Kommissare). (historical, Soviet Union) In the early Soviet Union, the head of a commissariat. [19] Stalin had a political need for popular wartime leaders, however, and Voroshilov remained as an important figurehead. [22] They also adopted the children of Mikhail Frunze following his death in 1925. Topic. This reorganization was conceived by Kulik but put into practice by Voroshilov. In the correct amount it increased the physical and mental capacities. [citation needed] In October 1961, his political defeat was complete at the 22nd party congress when he was excluded from election to the Central Committee. However in this period he advocated Stalin very actively, supported him in everything, though not entirely sure in everything. Stalin frowned. [8] He died on the operating table of a massive overdose of chloroform, an anaesthetic. An official of the Communist Party in charge of political indoctrination and the enforcement of party loyalty. Voroshilov was appointed People's Commissar (Minister) for Defence in 1934 and a Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1935. So where does one find information on political officers as used throughout the entire history of the Soviet … This is a very complex issue. info), Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov; Ukrainian: Климент Охрімович Ворошилов, Klyment Okhrimovyč Vorošylov), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Russian: Клим Вороши́лов, Klim Vorošilov) (4 February 1881[1] – 2 December 1969), was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era. On 10 May 1937 the political commissar was re-instated to the Red Army, and Military Councils were created. The Commissar Order (German language: Kommissarbefehl) was an order issued by Adolf Hitler in March 1941, before Operation Barbarossa. Voroshilov was awarded a second medal of Hero of the Soviet Union 1968. Political commissars began to be appointed at the higher levels of the army in 1918 and at units smaller than a battalion (where they were called politruky) at the end of 1919. 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