Regarding cowpea usage, all households in the north consume not only cowpea seeds but also the young pods and leaves, … Breeding for adaptation to drought and heat in cowpea. 304 European Journal of Sustainable Development (2012), 1, 2, 303-314 (Agbogidi, 2010a). The American South has countless varieties, many of them … A. G. (2017). Cowpea: A multifunctional legume. Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. (2008). Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV) infects a wide range of cultivated legumes.It causes severe mosaic and/or necrosis on the leaves, stems and pods of beans (Phaselous), cowpea (Vigna) and soyabean (Glycine max).Yield losses of 64-80% have been recorded in groundnuts in Kenya (Bock et al., 1976, 1977) and 10-100% in soyabean in Brazil and Argentina (Brown and Rodrigues, 2017). The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) (Pasquet 1998) also known as black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, southern pea, crowder pea, China pea and cow gram is an herbaceous legume belonging to the family Fabaceae.It is well adapted to harsh arid climates and low fertile soils and more drought- and heat-tolerant than most of its legume relatives (Carvalho et al. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. Cowpea is one of the oldest source of human food. Cowpea protein isolates: Functional properties and application in gluten-free rice muffins. Barley for brewing: Characteristic changes during malting, brewing and applications of its by-products. All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculatasubspecies unguiculataclassification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivargroups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. 3; o Nearly 86% of the population involved in agriculture which contributes to 35-40% of the GDP o High pressure on natural resources due to high population growth and the extensive nature of agriculture o Rapid degradation of soil fertility and other natural resources as a result of combined effects of successive droughts and poor farming practices; o Dependent … Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. 304 European Journal of Sustainable Development (2012), 1, 2, 303-314 (Agbogidi, … [Vigna unguiculata.] [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. [12] However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. XV ABSTRACT Studies to identify major insect pests attacking cowpea, Vi gna unguiculata (L.) Walp., in the field and to assess cowpea yields under different chemical control regimes were conducted at Katumani, Kenya during the short and the long rainy seasons of 1978 and 1979 respectively. Part of Springer Nature. Sequence analysis revealed a multicystatin … That means my family won’t have enough cowpea for consumption. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) We have over 50,000 free transparent PNG images available to download today. [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. What are synonyms for cowpea? small family farms. cowpea: translation. In this chapter, several characteristics of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), including nutritional and nutraceutical properties, and economic and social aspects of production were analysed with the objective to demonstrate that cowpea is a culture suitable for inclusion in food security programs. [16] Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. How do you use cowpea in a sentence? Pelembe, L. A. M., Erasmus, C., & Taylor, J. R. N. (2002). This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Pulses [25] New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. iv GENERAL ABSTRACT Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is an important legume, especially in the hot, dry tropics and subtropics of sub-Saharan Africa. Carvalho, M., Lino-Neto, T., Rosa, E., & Carnide, V. (2017). 78.46.201.52. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, … Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} freshly prepared black-eyed pea salad - cowpea stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). An annual African plant in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Shevkani, K., Kaur, A., Kumar, S., & Singh, N. (2015). (kou′pē′) n. 1. This is a preview of subscription content. cowpea. When cowpea sequences (with all gene models accounted for) were compared to the diploid common bean on the basis of percentage … Kalogeropoulos, N., Chiou, A., Ioannou, M., Karathanos, V. T., Hassapidou, M., & Andrikopoulos, N. K. (2010). [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. 2. Marengo, M., Baffour, L. C., Buratti, S., Benedetti, S., Saalia, F. K., Carpen, A., Manful, J., Johnson, P.-N. T., Barbiroli, A., Bonomi, F., Pagani, A., Marti, A., & Iametti, S. (2017). Farmed for its leaves and grains, Kunde leaves are more popular as a vegetable than as a grain. These bruchids may infest up to 100% of the stored seeds within 3 to 6 months under ordinary storage conditions. Lazaridi, E., Ntatsi, G., Fernández, J. And there won’t be any for sale to generate income; and the market, by implication, will witness short supply of cowpea,’’ she said. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Vitamin a activity of rice-based weaning foods enriched with germinated cowpea flour, banana, pumpkin and milk powder. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and Anoplocnemis curvipes Fabricius (Hemiptera: Coreidae). [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. Not affiliated [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. noun. Nutritional quality of germinated cowpea flour (Vigna unguiculata) and its application in home prepared powdered weaning foods. Members of the Phaseoleae include many of the economically important warm season The following is a list of iv GENERAL ABSTRACT Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is an important legume, especially in the hot, dry tropics and subtropics of sub-Saharan Africa. Binomial name; Vigna unguiculata Walp. [54] Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. Effect of gamma irradiation on physicochemical properties, proximate composition, vitamins and antinutritional factors of the tribal pulse Vigna unguiculata subsp. Madodé, Y. E., Nout, M. J. R., Bakker, E.-J., Linnemann, A. R., Hounhouigan, D. J., & van Boekel, M. A. J. S. (2013). This dissertation is dedicated to my family, especially my mother, for believing in me and for supporting me throughout the course of my studies. Analysis of pre- and post-harvest practices of cowpea (. [67] In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. Abstract. Cowpea, also known as black-eyed pea, belongs to section Catiang (DC) Verdc. Commonly known as the pea family, Fabaceae features about 670 genera and nearly 20,000 species of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs. [51] CpTI is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a commercially available genetically modified crop. In cowpea, cystatin-like polypeptides and a cDNA have been identified from seeds and metabolic functions have been attributed to them. A. Eissa (Ed. The cowpea variety, SAMPEA 20-T, was developed by scientists at the Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. Vigna (E) EthnoBotanical Dictionary. [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [21], Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. [38], Insects are a major factor in the low yields of African cowpea crops, and they affect each tissue component and developmental stage of the plant. Jirapa, P., Normah, H., Zamaliah, M. M., Asmah, R., & Mohamad, K. (2001). Plant Sci 44:89–98 CrossRef Google Scholar Gepts P, Beavis WD, Brummer EC, Shoemaker RC, Stalker HT, Weeden NF, Young ND (2005) Legumes as a model plant family. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. 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