The government is still working on safety measures for film … [8][26] In that year, Herbert Macaulay had invited to Nigeria, the Balboa and Company, Spain to organize an exhibition tour of silent films in Nigeria. The film was also screened at the few available theatres at the time. The Nollywood cinema scene is often very impressive and is … Nollywood is the film industry in Nigeria, and is in fact the second largest movie industry globally - in terms of output, producing about 2,500 films in a year. The film was shot amongst the Sura and Angas people of the present day Bauchi and Plateau States in Northern Nigeria, and narrates the rivalry between a British District Officer and a tin miner which leads to a war. Journalist, Onishi observed how the filmmakers there created movies under volatile and unpredictable circumstances, with near impossible production environments. [15], This method was adopted and built on by producers and distributors at Alaba Market to reinvent the film industry, since the Nigerian cinema culture was facing a major decline. Approximately 700,000 discs were sold in Alaba market per day, with the total sales revenue generated by the film industry in Nigeria estimated at ₦522 billion (US$3 billion) per annum, with broadcast content valued at ₦250 billion (US$1.6 billion). Motion picture entertainment was as a result complemented by the Yoruba travel theatre groups, which emerged in the 1930s through 1940s; One of the most prominent were the Agbegijo and Alarinjo theatre groups, which featured theatre actors such as Duro Ladipo, Ishola Ogunmola, Lere Paimo, Oyin Adejobi, amongst others. Nollywood is making its mark in the film business. [63] However, Ghanaian director Frank Fiifi Gharbin, expressed satisfaction with the development, saying: “there shouldn’t be much fuss about Ghanaian actors in Nollywood. [8][24] As of 2013, Nigerian cinema is rated as the third most valuable film industry in the world based on its worth and revenues generated. A fun romantic-comedy about a couple’s nightmarish wedding day. By this time, cinema had become popular in Lagos with crowds of young and old people usually waiting at the doors of theatre halls. It an industry built by its people and gets better and better by contemporary filmmakers. Fuji House. [67], Since the 2000s, Nigerian movies started to dominate television screens across the African continent and by extension, the diaspora. Pinterest. And they did just that. They’ve added colour to Nollywood and they’ve brought about healthy competition. However, unlike the U.S film industry, Nollywood does not have a specific location in whi… [61] At the first edition of Africa Magic Viewers’ Choice Awards (AMVCA) in 2013, Ghana’s Jackie Appiah was awarded Best Actress in a Lead Role. [26] Nigerian content in films made and shown in Nigerian cinemas during this period were however virtually non-existent as the production and distribution were controlled by foreigners. 0. Its arguable. N ollywood is regarded as the film industry in Nigeria and it’s in fact the second largest movie industry globally in terms of output. What is Nollywood and how did it become the second largest film industry in the entire world? Next up, is a buying guide to help you select the one that's best for you. Known for comedies and dramas, Nollywood is now producing more genres like horror, period pieces, musicals, animations, and even nolly-noir at industry standard picture and sound quality. Just One Blood is Timmy K’s first leading role in a major international Nollywood production. [15][16] In 1972, the Indigenization Decree was issued by Yakubu Gowon, which demands the transfer of ownership of about a total of 300 film theatres from their foreign owners to Nigerians, which resulted in more Nigerians playing active roles in the cinema and film. So how can you break put from the pack and get your idea onto the small screen? The film was also the first film ever to feature Nigerian actors in a speaking role. Horrible lighting, bad sound, incredibly on-the-nose, with no real attention to anything like poetic devices, or motifs. 7 Pins • 211 followers. Film Industry. By 2009, Nollywood had surpassed Hollywood … Welcome to the Nollywood Film Industry and the African Diaspora in the UK website This website forms part of a year long pilot project (2006-7) designed to explore the growing international marketing and reception of the Nigerian video/VCD film industry, with particular attention to its consumption in the UK. It’s been a great partnership so far. A visual medium requires visual methods. In 2006, when the last comprehensive data was collected by … Also known as Nollywood, the Nigerian film industry is believed to produce more than 200 movies a month. [14] As a result, Nigerian content in theatres increased in the late 1960s into the 1970s, especially productions from Western Nigeria, owing to former theatre practitioners such as Hubert Ogunde and Moses Olaiya transitioning into the big screen. Bollywood and Hollywood are the two most known “woods” in the world, or at the very least, the top two film industries in the world. Actually, it depends how we measure that statement. Obasi with a zero budget. The Yoruba are a group of African people living in the western part of Nigeria and Benin, who would put on plays as they traveled from village to village. [19] It started dominating screens across the African continent, and by extension the Caribbeans and the diaspora,[20] with the movies significantly influencing cultures[21] and the film actors becoming household names across the continent. Law limited foreign content on television, so producers in Lagos began televising local popular theatre productions. There’s a buzz in Nollywood right now. [15] After several moderate performing films, Papa Ajasco (1984) by Wale Adenuga became the first blockbuster, grossing approximately ₦61,000 (approx. The term “Nollywood” is a cognomen which originally referred to the Nigerian film industry. A mega-hit with one of the biggest budgets for a Nigerian film to date. [15], Television broadcasting in Nigeria began in the 1960s and received much government support in its early years. When Francophone colonies gained their independence (African colonies previously occupied by France), they were able to maintain their movie theaters, film clubs, festivals, and material means to make the films, all with aid from France. [62] Emem Isong, a Nigerian producer comments: “It fosters unity and integration and that’s not a bad thing”. As a result of these collaborations, Western viewers often confuse Ghanaian movies with Nigerian films and count their sales as one; however, they are two independent industries that sometimes share the colloquial "Nollywood". The gradual decline of the Golden era of Nigerian cinema has been attributed to several factors, including the reduction in the value of Naira, lack of finance and marketing support, lack of standard film studios and production equipment, frequent Government structural adjustment programmes due to military dictatorships, as well as inexperience on the part of practitioners. Subsequently, Alade Aromire produced Ekun (1989) on video, which was screened at the National Theatre, Iganmu. She works as a copywriter here at StudioBinder. [43][59][60], Around year 2006 through 2007, Nigerian filmmaker Frank Rajah Arase signed a contract with a Ghanaian production company, Venus Films, which involved helping to introduce Ghanaian actors into mainstream Nollywood. NOLLY WOOD FILM INDUSTRY ENTERTAINMENT It was also reported that there are high demands for Ghanaian acts in video stores. Best Answer for Center Of The Nollywood Film Industry Crossword Clue. This is when we began to hear about 200 films being made a year, then 700, and now nearly 2500 are made in any given year. By. The decline of the Home video era has been attributed to several factors, such as the refusal of the Government to provide support and funding, the lack of a formal and effective indigenous film distribution infrastructure and the increase in the cost of production in Nigeria. Facts About Nollywood, Nigerian Movie Industry. Much of the country’s manufacturing is based around Lagos. It wasn’t until the 1990s, when a grassroots movement in Nigeria emerged and shaped the Nollywood that we have come to understand today. As of now, the origin of the term still remains unclear but is thought of by others to have originated in the early 2000s, as was traced to an article in The New York Times. It was reported that the film became an instant hit at Alaba market, a commercial district which later became the hub of video distribution in this period and also eventually became the hub of piracy in Nigeria. [8][29]As of 1921, there were four other halls showing films twice a week in Lagos Mainland and one hall each in Ebute Metta and Oshodi. [17] The oil boom of 1973 through 1978 contributed immensely to the spontaneous boost of the cinema culture in Nigeria. Towards the late 1960s and into the 1970s Nigerian productions in movie houses increased gradually, especially productions from Western Nigeria, owing to former theatre practitioners such as Hubert Ogunde, Ola Balogun, Moses Olaiya, Jab Adu, Isola Ogunsola, Ladi Ladebo, Sanya Dosumu and Sadiq Balewa amongst others, transitioning into the big screen. The origin or history of Nollywood, the Nigerian movie industry, can be traced back to the 1960s when the first set of Nollywood movies were produced by great filmmakers like Hubert Ogunde, Jab Adu, Ola Balogun, Moses Olaiya (Baba Sala), Adeyemi Afolayan (Ade Love) and Eddie Ugboma. The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 5 letters long and begins with L. Center of the Nollywood film industry Crossword Clue. [33][34], The emergence of the video film market in Nigeria is traced back to the 1980s when television productions thrived. [61], Some Ghanaian media on the other hand described the trend as “Brain drain” from Ghana. [44], This is an emerging phase in Nigerian cinema, in which there became a major shift in the method of film production, from the video format, back to the cinema method, which constituted the films produced in the Golden era. [8][10] The earliest feature film made in Nigeria is 1926's Palaver produced by Geoffrey Barkas; the film was also the first film ever to feature Nigerian actors in a speaking role. [28], After Nigeria's independence in 1960, the cinema business rapidly expanded, with new cinema houses being established. The cinema of Nigeria, often referred to informally as Nollywood, consists of films produced in Nigeria; its history dates back to as early as the late 19th century and into the colonial era in the early 20th century. [56][57] Themes explored in these films are often characterized by consciously cosmopolitan themes, as most of the filmmakers are relatively young. [13], After Nigeria's independence in 1960, the cinema business rapidly expanded, with new cinema houses being established. However at this point, the Nigerian film industry had practically degenerated into a "visionless" industry, with the invasion of several people who do not know a thing about filmmaking, and piracy was at its peak. Nollywood is the film industry in Nigeria, and is in fact the second largest movie industry globally - in terms of output, producing about 2,500 films in a year. ", "Ghanaian Actor, Majid Michel Salutes Nollywood, Berates Ghollywood", "Ghanaian Actors Have Become Household Names In Nollywood", "Nollywood success puts Nigeria's film industry in regional spotlight", "Watch Out Hollywood, Here Comes Nollywood", "Nollywood Film Industry and the African Diaspora in the UK", "Nigerian Film Industry Needs No Recognition – Oni", "Facts About Nigerian Movies and History", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinema_of_Nigeria&oldid=999994276, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles to be expanded from January 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 00:26. Theresa Edem commented: “A united Africa sells any day, anytime. Nollywood is a sobriquet that originally referred to the Nigerian film industry. [53][54], Unlike the home video era, films in the new wave are generally of much improved quality, with considerably bigger budgets;[55] averaging between ₦40 million (US$250,000) and ₦120 million ($750,000). Nollywood Film Industry Collection by Irokotv. [61] With the emergence of New Nigerian Cinema, more Nigerian acts wanted roles on the big screen in order to boost their resume, refusing to star in video films; Ghanaian actors as a result took advantage of this, as they become more prominent on Nigerian video films which were already taking a down turn at this time, but still very popular. [45], Several grants have been launched by the Nigerian Government, in order to support quality content in Nigerian films. He established the Rex Cinema in Ebute Metta, Regal Cinema and Royal Cinema. [30] However, there came a significant influx of American, Indian, Chinese and Japanese films; posters of films from these countries were all over theatre halls and actors from these industries became very popular in Nigeria. The film was a critical and commercial success in Nigeria, and it was also screened in international film festivals[42] The 2010 film Ijé by Chineze Anyaene, overtook The Figurine to become the highest grossing Nigerian film; a record it held for four years, until it was overtaken in 2014 by Half of a Yellow Sun (2013). By the mid-1980s every state had its own broadcasting station. [70] This has been attributed to the fact that Nigerian films told "relatable" stories, which made foreign films gather dust on the shelves of video stores, even though they cost much less. This provides more reasons to visit the place beyond just watching films, but more of a social activity and a modified sort of entertainment beyond film watching. It shows that our actors are beginning to gain prominence and are being accepted worldwide”.[61]. Nollywood Now Hangs On Past Glory-Ramsey Noah. In 2009, Unesco rated Nollywood as the second-biggest film industry in the world after Indian cinema in terms of output. Home; Latest Clues. The movie industry, known as Nollywood, produces more films a year than any other country except India. We showed you the film that kickstarted Nollywood, Living in Bondage, but what about some more contemporary favorites? According to a CNN report by the United States International Trade Commission (USITC), Nollywood, the Nigerian film industry: Currently employs over 1 million people Is the second largest employer in Nigeria after agriculture and the Federal Government Generates approximately $600m/annum for the Nigerian economy These films' production periods take months and even span into years, a far cry from the films in video format which are usually shot in a matter of days or weeks. Nollywood is born out of a true grassroots collective that has not only become profitable for the country, but has created thousands of jobs. [22][23], Since mid-2000s, during the decline of the video-film era, the Nigerian cinema has undergone some restructuring to promote quality in output and professionalism in the industry, with The Figurine (2009) widely regarded as marking the major turn around of contemporary Nigerian cinema. However, many Ghanaian productions are copyrighted to Nollywood and distributed by Nigerian marketers due to Nigeria's bigger market. Conclusion. The term ‘Nollywood’ was first used in 2002 by Norimitsu Onishiwho was a journalist in New York Times. It also has a mega-hit sequel. By the end of 2013, the film industry reportedly hit a record breaking revenue of ₦1.72 trillion (US$11 billion). The boom also led to backlash against Nigerian films in several countries, bordering on theories such as the "Nigerialization of Africa". [17] The oil boom of 1973 through 1978 also contributed immensely to the spontaneous boost of the cinema culture in Nigeria, as the increased purchasing power in Nigeria made a wide range of citizens to have disposable income to spend on cinema going and on home television sets. 2015 ₦44,180,499) in five days. Feb 6, 2015 - The Nigerian film industry, also known as Nollywood, produces about 50 movies per week, second only to India's Bollywood—more than Hollywood in the United States. Since Evil Encounter, it became common, especially in Southern Nigerian cities to see video copies of recorded television programmes traded on the streets. Furthermore, over the years; due to the high cost of film production in Nigeria, Nigerian filmmakers have been forced to make films outside Lagos in order to cut costs, mirroring the exodus of filmmaking in Hollywood from Los Angeles to cities like Toronto and Albuquerque, a process known as “Runaway production”. By the middle of the 20th century, African movies were being made, but in terms of a booming film industry, there wasn’t one, especially compared to its overseas Hollywood counterpart. But did it? Many of these were circulated on video as well, and a small-scale informal video movie trade developed. [8][17][20][40], At the peak of the video era at around 2008, the industry had become the second largest producer of films,[41] releasing approximately 200 video films monthly. The Industry is a significant part of the Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Sector which contributed 2.3% (NGN239biliion) to Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2016. It reveals some ugly truths about familial impact and the choices we make. The Industry is a significant part of the Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Sector which contributed 2.3% (NGN239biliion) to Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2016. [64][65][66] Van Vicker, a popular Ghanaian actor, has starred in many Nigerian movies. 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