The School Refusal Assessment Scale (SRAS) was first constructed by Kearney and Silverman (1993) and then revised in 2002 (Kearney). Previously referred to as school phobia, school refusal includes kindergarten students with relatively mild It’s more common in boys, and tends to peak between ages five and six, and 11 and 12. In a previous article, the characteristics and functional assessment of school refusal behavior were outlined (Kearney, School refusal is a serious emotional problem that is associated with significant short- and long-term sequelae. Keywords: School refusal behavior, functional assessment, youths. Prevalence Primary and secondary schools are required to … To help describe the pattern and severity of school refusal, Thambirajah et. School refusal can happen at any age but is more likely to occur during times of transition (for example, starting primary or secondary school) or major family events (such as separation or family bereavement). School refusal program. Be sure that a complete physical examination has been conducted to eliminate any organic cause for somatic complaints (stomachache, nausea, etc. Doesn’t seem to feel guilty after 0 1 2 27. Symptoms of school refusal. School Refusal: Information for Educators BY MARY WIMMER, PHD, West Allis-West Milwaukee School District, WI Each year, approximately 2–5% of children refuse to come to school due to anxiety or depression. Doesn’t eat well 0 1 2 25. Children who are experiencing school refusal may demonstrate a number of different symptoms and behaviours, including: Refusal to go to school in the morning Fears certain animals, situations, or places, other than school (describe): 0 1 2 30. ). The more time the child is away from school, the more difficult it is for the child to resume normal school life. Doesn’t get along with other kids 0 1 2 26. Usually, there’s no single event or reason, but rather various factors that contribute to a child or young person’s non-attendance. Young person does not attempt to hide absence from parents As it is a difficult problem to manage, school refusal creates stress for parents and school teachers. Young person is reluctant or refuses to attend, together with temporal or chronic emotional distress (not required if no effort to get the young person to school) 2. Disobedient at school 0 1 2 24. The scale was created to overcome shortcomings from previous classification systems including an over reliance on clinical judgement rather than empirical evidence leading to a lack of rater reliability, issues with … Easily jealous 0 1 2 28. Breaks rules at home, school, or elsewhere 0 1 2 29. Practical Recommendations and Interventions: School Refusal 1 SCHOOL REFUSAL: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR TEACHERS AND SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS . s School Refusal Truancy School Withdrawal School Exclusion Quite typical of school refusal 1. School refusal behavior is a pernicious problem that disrupts the lives of many children and families and can lead to damaging short- and long-term consequences. al (2008) refer to a spectrum of school refusal behaviour from occasional to persistent absence, as shown below. Fears going to school School refusal affects around one per cent of children. Signs of school refusal Tantrums, running or hiding from school, and lashing out with physical force are clear-cut signs of school refusal, …