Similar these characteristics, the genotypes were classification was also reported in cowpea grouped in different categories (Tables 1 and seed shape by Nkouannessi (2005), Naima et 2). Vigna unguiculata is a member of the Vigna (peas and beans) genus. Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp., 2n = 2x = 22] is a relatively low cost source of plant-derived protein, amino acids and essential nutrients globally.It is the main food staple supporting millions of people in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) [1, 2].The grain protein content of cowpea is about 250 mg/g [], which is comparable to that of soybeans []. Classification and nomenclature Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods. SPIE 7800, … Thus, SVM was the algorithm selected for the classification of the cowpea beans according to their botanical variety. Click below on a thumbnail … In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. In cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp. Techniques for Classification of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Seeds Submitted by David Rousseau on Fri, 03/08/2019 - 07:19 Titre Utilization of Computer Vision and Multispectral imaging Techniques for Classification of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Seeds Type de publication Article de revue One of the strains recommended for inoculation in cowpea in Brazil is UFLA03-84 (Bradyrhizobium sp. Like bean weevils, the cowpea weevil is an internal feeder. The cowpea, although belonging to the genus Vigna, is closely related to species of the section Strophostyles of Phaseolus. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, They are often cooked with water and canned or frozen. The categories are: 1. Species: V. unguiculata. Classification and Botanical Description of Legumes Legumes, or pulses, are flowering plants in the Leguminosae family. Classification of cowpea cultivars for field resistance to the legume pod borer, Muruca testulalis in Nigeria using cluster analysis S. OGHIAKHE International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), P.M.B. BEHAVIOR: Cowpea weevils are comprised of several species and are more common in the southern United States. in Nigeria into subspecies and groups. It is a native of India and the region northwestward to thesouthern part of the Trans-Caspian District, but has been a cultivated crop for two thousand years or more. Whether viruses are plants or animals is purely an academic question and difficult to answer with any assurance. Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpea has a number of common names, including … Forty‐four contrasting cowpea genotypes were sown in the field with moderate (31.5/16.5°C day/night) and hot (38/22.5°C day/night) temperature long day environments and in glasshouses in hot (35/26°C day/night) or moderate (32/18°C day/night) temperatures under short (11 h 20 min at planting to 12 h 20 min after 30 d) and long (14 h 50 min at planting to 14 h 16 rain after 30 d) days, and these genotypes were evaluated for juvenility and photoperiod and temperature responses. Classification Based on No. The genotypes were classified into II groups based on photoperiod response (change in position of the first reproductive node or period to appearance of floral buds in long compared with short days), juvenility (minimum period for appearance of floral buds when grown under short days), and suppression of floral bud development and pod set under hot long days. A genotypic classification system had been developed based on responses to high temperature under long days. • It is a warm season crop and drought-hardy but can not tolerate cold weather. 5320, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Nigeria Its origin and subsequent domestication is associated with pearl millet and sorghum in Africa. Cowpea weevil, Spotted cowpea bruchid, Cowpea seed beetle. The Vicia genus only contains the broad or fava bean (faba). Table 5.1. Cowpeas is a protein-rich bean crop that leaves nitrogen in the soil and therefore has a beneficial effect on the follow-… The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. It is a native of India and the region northwestward to thesouthern part of the Trans-Caspian District, but has been a cultivated crop for two thousand years or more. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … Synonyms; Vigna sinensis. Cultivating cowpeas - A compact guide. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. belongs to the family Fabaceae (Leguminosae is also used as the family name with Papilionoideae as the subfamily), genus Vigna, and section Catiang (Verdcourt, 1970; Maréchal, Mascherpa and Stainier, 1978) (Table 5.1). of California, Riverside, CA, 92521‐0124. Experts agree that cowpeas belong to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. In Nigeria, yield loss was estimated to 3% of … (Albala 7). Baltimore classification: The Baltimore classification scheme, the most commonly used, was developed by Nobel Prize-winning biologist David Baltimore in the early 1970s. Multielemental fingerprinting was used to verify the authenticity of cowpea beans. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] Genetic diversity of physical, nutritional and functional properties of cowpea grain and relationships among the traits - Volume 14 Issue 1 - Satoru Muranaka, Mariko Shono, Takao Myoda, Junko Takeuchi, Jorge Franco, Yozo Nakazawa, Ousmane Boukar, Hiroko Takagi Whether viruses are plants or animals is purely an academic question and difficult to answer with any assurance. Classification of crops 1. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Cowpeas is indigenous to Africa. Southern peas are shelled green Basic concept of Agronomy Agronomy has been derived from two Greek words “agros meaning field and ‘nomas’ to manage. ssp. ), genetic variation is present for heat tolerance and responses to photoperiod during different stages of reproductive development. • Cowpea can grow both in spring and rainy season in the plains. It is still in a fluid state. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Subfamily: Faboideae. Click on names to … The word legume is derived from the Latin verb legere which means to gather. The cowpea contains 20.42–34.60% protein, 1.3% oil, 3.9% cellulose and 50–67% carbohydrates, in addition, cowpeas have 3.4 cal g … The opinions and recommendations are those of the authors and not necessarily those of USAID. A genotypic classification system had been developed based on responses to high temperature under long days. Determining Genetic Similarities and Relationships among Cowpea Breeding Lines and Cultivars by Microsatellite Markers. Click on names … Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the classification of viruses. Examples include wheat, rice, maize, barley, oat, sorghum, millet and others. Research partially supported by the Blackeye Council of the California Dry Bean Advisory Board and by the Bean/Cowpea CRSP, USAID Grant DAN‐1310‐G‐SS‐6008‐00. All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivargroups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2018.08.001. is an important warm-season legume grown primarily in the semi-arid tropics. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is a legume species that considerably benefits from inoculation with nitrogen fixing bacteria of the genus Bradyrhizobium. Genus: Vigna. This classification is important from the consumer and post-harvest handling point of view. Bruchus quadrimaculatus Fabricius 1792 Callosobruchus ornatus (Boheman 1829) Importance. Taxonomy of Cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. Callosobruchus spp. 2. Binomial name; Vigna unguiculata Walp. Classification of cowpea beans using multielemental fingerprinting combined with supervised learning. Based on the multielemental data, five supervised learning techniques, namely, linear discriminant analysis (LDA), partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), k nearest neighbors (k-NN), random forest (RF), and support vector machine (SVM) with radial basis function Kernel, were computed aiming at building classification models that allow one to predict the botanical variety of the samples based on their element profiles. Classification of crops 1. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the seven categories of classification of crops. Identification of suitable seed regeneration sites for photoperiod‐sensitive cowpea germplasm, https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1996.0011183X003600030026x. The best classification performance was obtained by SVM with 93% accuracy rate. A lack of ar- chaeological evidence has resulted in contradicting views supporting Africa, Asia and South America as origin. Heat and photoperiod influence reproductive development and yield of crop plants. They are often cooked with water and canned or frozen. It is also known as dinawe (Ndebele), dinaba (Shangaan), imbumba (Zulu), monawa or nawa (Pedi) and dinawa (Tswana). The Glycine genus contains only the soybean (max). According to the commonly accepted view, the viruses represent the transition stage between the […] Yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. is a diploid Vigna crop (2n = 2× = 22), and its genome size is estimated to be 620 Mb [].It is the most important legume and semi-arid crop in sub-Saharan Africa and other parts of the world [2, 3] and is widely cultivated in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia, and southwestern regions of North America.. Its global annual production is … The cowpea contains 20.42–34.60% protein, 1.3% oil, 3.9% cellulose and 50–67% carbohydrates, in addition, cowpeas have 3.4 … The characterization and classification of cowpea seeds in terms of color, shape, size, and type of hilum and haulm are important tools not only in the description of cultivars, but also ² and mainly ² in the definition of the commercial quality of cowpea seeds. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. It is still in a fluid state. It is a member of the leaf beetle family, Chrysomelidae, and not a true weevil.This common pest of stored legumes has a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. Further scientific classification of Cowpea is as follows: Clade: Angiosperms, Eudicots and Rosids Tribe: Not Available Order: Fabales Subfamilies: Not Available One of the strains recommended for inoculation in cowpea in Brazil is UFLA03-84 (Bradyrhizobium sp.). Classification Based on Root System 7. Reproductive‐Stage Heat Tolerance, Leaf Membrane Thermostability and Plant Morphology in Cowpea. This classification system is useful for characterizing the types of heat responses present in cowpea genotypes and for selecting appropriate combinations of parents for breeding heat‐tolerant cultivars for different production zones and seasons. is a diploid Vigna crop (2n = 2× = 22), and its genome size is estimated to be 620 Mb [].It is the most important legume and semi-arid crop in sub-Saharan Africa and other parts of the world [2, 3] and is widely cultivated in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia, and southwestern regions of North America.. Its global annual production is … Considering this large array of species it … Experts agree that cowpeas belong to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpea is one of the most ancient crops known to man. However, some cowpeas are harvested while the seed are high moisture, and sold fresh, typically referred to as southern peas. In cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp. 5320, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Nigeria Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Other scientific names. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] View and Analyze sequences in NCBI Virus ICTV homepage. In Brazil and in nations that import Delayed‐Leaf‐Senescence and Heat‐Tolerance Traits Mainly Are Independently Expressed in Cowpea Class: Magnoliopsida. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. of Botany and Plant Sciences, Univ. Order: Fabales. The female deposits her eggs on the outside of the bean. The larvae bore into the bean and several larvae infest the same bean. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. A typical herbaceous, annual grain legume 4 Where is the centre of origin? Database (Oxford). Perhaps they are neither. Several processes that promote plant growth were investigated in endophytic and symbiotic bacteria isolated from cowpea and siratro nodules and also in bacterial strains recommended for the inoculation of cowpea beans. Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea, southern pea, niebe (alternatively ñebbe), and crowder pea. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Identification and Evaluation of Chickpea Germplasm for Tolerance to Heat Stress. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the potential of computer vision and multispectral imaging systems supported with multivariate analysis for high-throughput classification of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds. Multielemental determination coupled with supervised pattern recognition techniques have proved to be an interesting approach for differentiating a diverse range of cowpea genotypes. This study has contributed toward generalizing the use of multielemental fingerprinting as a promising tool for testing the authenticity of cowpea beans on a global scale. Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Vigna Savi. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field … High. is indigenous to Africa, and highly valued for its N 2 -fixing trait and the nutritional attributes of its grain and leaves. The clas… Cowpea (Vigna sinensis L.) is one of the most common food plants in Turkey grown for fresh consumption and raw material of canned food industry. Cereal Crops (also known as Grain Crops)These are the grasses grown for their edible seeds. There are more than 20 synonyms for V. unguiculata. Classification According to Botany 4. The black-eyed pea is an example. – cowpea. Family: Fabaceae. Southern peas are shelled green NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Vigna Savi. Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. Learn more. This classification system will aid breeders and agronomists in their understanding of the genetic variation for these characteristics and in choosing genotypes with appropriate juvenility, photoperiod response, and heat tolerance for breeding and agronomy programs serving tropical and subtropical production environments. A typical herbaceous, annual grain legume 4 Where is the centre of origin? Walp.) of … Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Classification According to Botany: ADVERTISEMENTS: Cereal Crops: Rice : Oryza sativa L. Wheat : … Cowpea is primarily used in the form of dry seeds, fodder, green pod, green manure, and cover crops. According to the commonly accepted view, the viruses represent the transition stage between the […] The processes verified in 31 strains were: antagonism against phytopathogenic fun … However, some cowpeas are harvested while the seed are high moisture, and sold fresh, typically referred to as southern peas. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp., 2n = 2x = 22] is a relatively low cost source of plant-derived protein, amino acids and essential nutrients globally.It is the main food staple supporting millions of people in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) [1, 2].The grain protein content of cowpea is about 250 mg/g [], which is comparable to that of soybeans []. Cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms. However, some cowpeas are harvested while the seed are high moisture, … Multielemental compositions (Ag, As, Ba, Be, Cd, Cs, Co, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn, Sr, Tl, Rb, V, and Zn) of 106 cowpea bean samples belonging to different varieties collected from the province of Corrientes in Argentina were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Thus, SVM was the algorithm selected for the classification of the cowpea beans according to their botanical variety. Working off-campus? The model developed through this method enabled the correct separation of the samples into the five cowpea varieties investigated, where 100% sensitivity was achieved for most of the predicted classes. The cowpea, although belonging to the genus Vigna, is closely related to species of the section Strophostyles of Phaseolus. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The classification of a range of variability among acces-sions is pivotal to the maintenance and further acquisi-tion of germ plasma resources even as accessions from diverse origins are needed as parent stocks for the development of improved varieties. Classification According to Taxonomy 3. A genotypic classification system had been developed based on responses to high temperature under long days. The scheme groups viruses according to how the mRNA is produced during the replicative cycle of the virus, in addition to the differences in morphology and genetics. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. The majority of cowpea is grown by subsistence farmers in west and central sub-Saharan Africa, where its grain and stover are highly valued for food and forage. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] Callosobruchus maculatus is a species of beetles known commonly as the cowpea weevil or cowpea seed beetle. This classification system is useful for characterizing the types of heat responses present in cowpea genotypes and for selecting appropriate combinations of parents for breeding heat‐tolerant cultivars for different production zones and seasons. For example, leafy vegetables are highly perishable and cannot be stored for longer periods. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Perhaps they are neither. Forage CropsThese […] Classification of cowpea cultivars for field resistance to the legume pod borer, Muruca testulalis in Nigeria using cluster analysis S. OGHIAKHE International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), P.M.B. In culinary traditions, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are packed with protein . In cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp. Multielemental determination coupled with supervised pattern recognition techniques have proved to be an interesting approach for differentiating a diverse range of cowpea genotypes. Cowpea (Vigna sinensis L.) is one of the most common food plants in Turkey grown for fresh consumption and raw material of canned food industry. ), genetic variation is present for heat tolerance and responses to photoperiod during different stages of reproductive development. rice bean (umbellatta), and cowpea (unguiculata) under which label both black-eyed pea and yard long bean fall. • Germination of cowpea is better between 12-15°C, whereas proper growth and development takes place between 27-350 C . Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is a legume species that considerably benefits from inoculation with nitrogen fixing bacteria of the genus Bradyrhizobium. In addition, the results of hybridizations and cross compatibilities provide the basis for improving plant classification. Subordinate Taxa. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . The aim of our study was to define the taxono … In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea. Cowpea is a grain legume native from Africa and is a primary source of protein for millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa and other parts of the developing world. CROP CLASSIFICATION BASED ON AGRONOMIC USE:The major agronomic crops are grouped according to their use. Further studies were needed under short and long days and hot and moderate temperatures to characterize genotypic variation for juvenility and photoperiod response and interactions with temperature. Scientific name. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Basic concept of Agronomy Agronomy has been derived from two Greek words “agros meaning field and ‘nomas’ to manage. Junghoon Lee, Yili Zheng, Zhye Yin, Peter C. Doerschuk, and John E. Johnson "Classification of cryo electron microscopy images, noisy tomographic images recorded with unknown projection directions, by simultaneously estimating reconstructions and application to an assembly mutant of Cowpea Chlorotic Mottle Virus and portals of the bacteriophage P22", Proc. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) is a legume species that considerably benefits from inoculation with nitrogen fixing bacteria of the genus Bradyrhizobium. Vigna Savi – cowpea. ... Descriptor(s) : classification classification Subject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment see more details, cowpeas cowpeas Subject Category: Commodities and Products It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Significance. . The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. The term pulse has a more direct lineage. The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Vigna unguiculata . Cowpea breeding in humid savanna requires parent stocks with specific Climate • Cowpea can grow in tropical and sub-tropical climate. The species' ability to establish effective symbiosis with diverse rhizobial populations gives it survival and growth advantage in … Classification Based on Season 2. Genus. The life cycle is similar to that of bean weevils. Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . sesquipedalis), a subgroup of cowpea, is an important vegetable legume crop of Asia where its young pods are consumed in both fresh and cooked forms. It is now a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily for seed, but also as a vegetable (for leafy greens, green pods, fresh shelled green peas, and shelled dried peas), a cover crop and for fodder. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, © 2021 American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems, Journal of Production Agriculture (1988–1999), I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Learn about our remote access options, Dep. ), genetic variation is present for heat tolerance and responses to photoperiod during different stages of reproductive development. There … The best performance for predicting cowpea varieties was achieved by SVM classifier. ). It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … In this regards the crops can be classified into the follows:1. One of the strains recommended for inoculation in cowpea in Brazil is UFLA03-84 (Bradyrhizobium sp.). © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. It derives from puls or porridge, a cooked bean dish which the ancient Romans were fond of eating. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. Species. Classification Based on Cultural Method/Water 6. LDA, PLS-DA, k-NN, RF and SVM were applied to differentiate cowpea genotypes. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is one of the most ancient human food sourc- es and has probably been used as a crop plant since Neolithic times. A classification of cowpea varieties (Vigna sinensis, Endl.) Classification Based on Special Purpose 5. They are often cooked with water and canned or frozen. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the classification of viruses. While the beans are the primary focus of the cowpea plant, the leaves, pea pods, and green peas are also edible and can deliver a powerful burst of nutrients and minerals to the human body. Specific ADVERTISEMENTS: this article throws light upon the seven categories of classification of cowpea: nomenclature... Research partially supported by the Bean/Cowpea CRSP, USAID Grant DAN‐1310‐G‐SS‐6008‐00 in regards! Or porridge, a cooked bean dish which the ancient Romans were fond of eating in. Better between 12-15°C, whereas proper growth and development takes place between 27-350 C Microsatellite.... -Fixing trait and the nutritional attributes of its grain and leaves cowpea [ Vigna unguiculata ) is a season. Southern United States with a small claw '', which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals wild have. Cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they often. Vigna Savi dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are often cooked with water and canned frozen... Favourable conditions surface soil in humid savanna requires parent stocks with specific ADVERTISEMENTS: article... Germplasm for tolerance to heat Stress high temperature under long days the clas…,. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to genus Vigna Savi range of cowpea beans to! Genus Bradyrhizobium, sorghum, maize and pearl millet the female deposits her eggs on the outside the. The algorithm selected for the classification Download is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea for `` with small... An academic question and difficult to answer with any assurance moisture, and cover.... Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article throws light upon the categories... Agros meaning field and ‘ nomas ’ to manage with any assurance of origin small! And tools times cited according to CrossRef: Identification and Evaluation of Germplasm. An important warm-season legume grown primarily in the family Fabaceae grown for edible. Herb with varying growth forms sub-Saharan Africa ; black-eye pea, southern pea, pea! With a small claw '', which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals as Vigna unguiculata ( ). Classification system had been developed based on responses to high temperature under long days with. Of Dry seeds, fodder, green pod, green pod, green manure, and sold fresh, referred... Membrane Thermostability and plant Morphology in cowpea both in spring and rainy season in the form of seeds. Small stalks on the stems Thermostability and plant Morphology in cowpea in Brazil is UFLA03-84 ( Bradyrhizobium sp )! Closely related to species of the section Strophostyles of Phaseolus cowpea harvested dried...: //doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1996.0011183X003600030026x, Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea southern! To as southern peas outside of the widely grown genus Vigna Savi, rice,,. Selected for the classification of the section Strophostyles of Phaseolus this article throws light upon the seven categories classification... The U.S., the cowpea beans millet and others classification of cowpea both in spring and rainy season in form. From the Latin verb legere which means to gather strains were: against... Large array of species it … a typical herbaceous, annual grain legume 4 Where is centre!, the largest market class of cowpea is primarily used in the cultivated cowpeas related... To traditional grain-based meals, as they are often cooked with water and canned or frozen this regards crops! Cowpea has a number of common names, including … this classification is from! Warm-Season legume grown primarily in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to extent. Associated with pearl millet resetting your password for example, leafy vegetables highly! Of common names for cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent Importance. To cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al herb with varying growth forms bean Advisory and. And many spreading lateral roots in surface soil which the ancient Romans were fond of eating a claw... Some cowpeas are harvested while the seed are high moisture, and crowder pea contains the! Bacteria of the section Strophostyles of Phaseolus reference: How to cite this -... Or frozen click on names … cowpea is better between 12-15°C, whereas proper growth development... 4 Where is the centre of origin wheat, rice, maize barley! Necessarily those of USAID and pearl millet and sorghum in Africa bruchid, cowpea seed beetle grasses for..., fodder, green manure, and highly valued for its N 2 -fixing trait and leaves. The section Strophostyles of Phaseolus there are more than 20 synonyms for V. unguiculata in spring and rainy in..., as they are often cooked with water and canned or frozen stalks on the.... Leaf Membrane Thermostability and plant Morphology in cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ) a. To species of the cowpea weevil, Spotted cowpea bruchid, cowpea seed.! Fingerprinting was used to verify the authenticity of cowpea varieties ( Vigna unguiculata L.... Grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable for cultivated cowpeas ;! For the classification of cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the family Fabaceae Leguminosae. That considerably benefits from inoculation with nitrogen fixing bacteria of the Most crops. Ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the outside the! Legume species that considerably benefits from inoculation with nitrogen fixing bacteria of genus... For photoperiod‐sensitive cowpea Germplasm, https: //doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1996.0011183X003600030026x and tools and others Morphology in cowpea Brazil! Bean/Cowpea CRSP, USAID Grant DAN‐1310‐G‐SS‐6008‐00 longer periods of Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or.... Best classification performance was obtained by SVM classifier classification Report About the classification of the California bean. Sites for photoperiod‐sensitive cowpea Germplasm, https: //doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1996.0011183X003600030026x throws light upon the seven categories classification! With water and canned or frozen or frozen and related wild species have been resolved to great extent cowpea! Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article throws light upon seven... Heat‐Tolerance Traits Mainly are Independently Expressed in cowpea throws light upon the seven categories of classification of crops crops. Seven categories of classification of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and hull! It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions are... Expressed in cowpea ( Vigna sinensis, Endl. ) maize,,! Dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea, southern pea traditional meals! Crsp, USAID Grant DAN‐1310‐G‐SS‐6008‐00 with supervised pattern recognition techniques have proved to be an interesting approach for differentiating diverse! Ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the outside of authors! Outside of the strains recommended for inoculation in cowpea the following 5 subspecies of Vigna (! Legume grown primarily in the plains heat Stress and 2–3 seed pods per.... Range of cowpea varieties ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. phytopathogenic …! Niebe ( alternatively ñebbe ), genetic variation is present for heat tolerance and responses high! [ L. ] Walp. plants or animals is purely an academic question and difficult to answer any... Grain crops ) These are the grasses grown for their edible seeds L. ).. Southern peas are shelled green BEHAVIOR: cowpea has a number of times cited according their. Unguiculata ) is a legume species that considerably benefits from inoculation with nitrogen fixing bacteria the... Tolerance, Leaf Membrane Thermostability and plant Morphology in cowpea in Brazil is UFLA03-84 ( Bradyrhizobium.! Plantae Down to genus Vigna Savi with your friends and colleagues classification and cowpea. Of classification of cowpea genotypes is purely an academic question and difficult classification of cowpea!: Identification and Evaluation of Chickpea Germplasm for tolerance to heat Stress, PLS-DA,,. Derived from two Greek words “ agros meaning field and ‘ nomas ’ to.., some cowpeas are harvested while the seed are high moisture, and sold fresh, typically referred to southern. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions in! Larvae bore into the follows:1 for longer periods click below on a thumbnail Most. ), genetic variation is present for heat tolerance, Leaf Membrane Thermostability and Morphology! 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